independence day, facts about philippine independence day

Nadj Villaver | BravoFilipino

As we celebrate Independence Day on June 12, let us look back what happened 118 years from now when the Philippines declared independence from Spanish colonial rule.

1. The Act of the Declaration of the Independence was prepared and read in Spanish by Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista. This was signed by ninety-eight persons.

2. An American army, Colonel L.M. Johnson, an American army, attended the ceremonies of the proclamation of independence in Kawit, Cavite Viejo, on June 12, 1898, on behalf of U.S. Admiral George Dewey, the Commander of the American Asiatic Squadron. It was not until August 1 that many towns of Luzon promulgated the proclamation of independence.

3. On June 5, 1898, Julian Felipe, a musician from Cavite, was requested by General Emilio Aguinaldo to compose a march which would be played during the independence day ceremonies on june 12, 1898. Six days later, he showed Aguinaldo and some of his officers the music he had composed. It was entitled “Marcha Filipina Magdalo.” Upon hearing the music, Aguinaldo decided to make it the official march of the Philippines.

4. On June 12, 1898, between four and five in the afternoon, Aguinaldo proclaimed the independence of the Philippines from the window of his home in Kawit.

5. The Philippine flag, designed by Aguinaldo and sewn in Hongkong by Mrs. Marcela Agoncillo with the help of Lorenza Agoncillo and Delfina Herbosa was hoisted for the first time to the accompaniment of the “Marcha Filipina.”

(Reference: Teodoro A. Agoncillo and Fe B. Managahas, Philippine History, Expanded and Updated Edition, Quezon City. C & E Publishing Inc. @ 2010. Pp. 157-158)

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