Bravo Filipino | Coffee 101 By GIDC Philippines | When it comes to coffee lovers, nothing beats superior quality coffee. There is so much coffee out there, from places you’d expect to find them like coffee shops and supermarkets, to department stores, gas stations, hospitals, and schools.
The interest in coffee seems to be universal and is not limited to age, ethnicity, gender, or location. The coffee-loving culture is embodied by the prevalence of coffee shops in practically every corner of every city. Coffee is present everywhere.
In this coffee 101, we are going to discuss the basics of coffee, how it’s properly stored, and the everyday coffee hacks that can make your daily coffee experience an even more delightful one.
Storing Coffee To Keep It Fresh
Coffee is perishable. Coffee beans begin to lose their freshness soon after they’re roasted. As coffee loses freshness, its natural flavors and aromas are diminished. So, all things being equal, the earlier the beans are used, the higher the quality of the coffee.
Properly stored, coffee beans will stay good for a few months after roasting. Ground coffee will last for one to two weeks after roasting. Why the difference? Ground coffee has far more area than coffee beans. meaning ground coffee is going to be more vulnerable to the four enemies of fresh coffee: air, moisture, heat, and light.
One way to form sure you’re drinking fresh coffee, of course, is to shop for unroasted green coffee beans and roast them yourself. Unroasted beans will keep for a year. With tough work, it’s certainly possible to roast coffee at reception. But that needs tons longer and energy, obviously, than making a pot of coffee from pre-roasted coffee, either whole bean or ground.
So, assuming you’re not getting to roast your own beans, how does one give yourself the simplest chance for an excellent, fresh cup of java?
One of the easiest ways to boost the taste and health profile of your morning brew is to add a dash of cinnamon. “The mixture is anti-inflammatory and works well with any milk or milk alternative,” says Ara Dalzell-Patterson, the vice president of food and beverages for Equinox Hotels.
If you’re looking for a little nosh to go with that cinnamon coffee, Dalzell-Patterson recommends pairing it with ashwagandha coffee cake, which you can make with raw cacao, tofu, ashwagandha, flour, eggs and a smidge of butter.
“The ashwagandha herb helps with stress and has anti-cancer fighting properties, while raw cacao is high in antioxidants, full of magnesium, and is a natural mood elevator,” Dalzell-Patterson says. “This breakfast pairing makes you feel good while also actually being good for you.”
Consider Cold Brew Instead Of Iced Coffee
Speaking of cold brew, you might want to consider it over your classic Americano next time you’re in the mood for something cold. Cold-brew is the Swiss army knife of coffee preparations because it’s very easy to control its strength by changing the recipe for how much coffee and how much water you use. Use more coffee and less water, and you end up with a very heavy brew that can be a great ingredient for mixing into other drinks or food dishes. Use more water and less coffee, and you have a light and refreshing cup to cool you off on a hot summer day.
Make Your Own Blend
Creating your own custom coffee blend is easy. Try blending two or more coffees together to create a new, unique cup of coffee. To do so, find a couple of single-origin coffees—light to medium roasts—and combine them at different ratios.
There are no wrong answers. Another way to alter the flavor profile is to try to cut down the amount of water you’re using in your machine by 25 percent while keeping the amount of coffee you add the same. This is why the coffee people enjoy at their favorite coffee shop don’t taste as bold when they try to make it at home.
Resource For Everything Coffee
Here are the most common coffee terms if you want to take your coffee knowledge to the next level, this can help you start your journey as a Modern-Day Coffee Connoisseur.
Affogato: Affogato is an Italian term that means “drowned.” This drink involves espresso poured over the top of vanilla ice cream.
Americano: This is an espresso shot diluted with just enough hot water.
Body: This refers to the feel of the coffee’s texture on the palate.
Café Au Lait: Also known as café con leche, it is a shot of espresso added to the same amount of milk.
Cappa (or Cappu): A shorter term for “cappuccino.”
Cappuccino: This beverage consists of one shot of espresso topped with foamy steamed milk. There’s more foam than milk and would usually amount to eight ounces.
Cold Brew: This refers to how chilled coffee is processed. It uses the cold-press technique which involves soaking coarsely ground beans in cold water for around 12 hours. When the coffee is steeped, the coffee grounds are filtered out. The remaining coffee concentrate is diluted with milk or water. It is then used for iced coffee.
Cortado: This is a dollop of hot milk added to one shot of espresso. This drink is usually around four ounces.
Crema: This refers to the top layer of espresso which consists of emulsified oils. This part is crucial for making latte art.
Cuppa: This is just short for “cup of coffee.”
Dark Roast: Term used for coffee beans roasted for a long time which gives it a stronger flavor.
Degas: This refers to the time needed for a batch of coffee beans to release carbon dioxide in bringing out the flavor. Degassing ensures that the espresso contains optimum flavor when brewing.
Demitasse: A French term meaning “half cup.” A demitasse is a 3-ounce cup used for macchiato or espresso drinks.
Doppio: This is an Italian word which means “double” as in two espresso shots.
Drip: This method involves brewing coffee by pouring hot water over coffee grounds using a French press or filter.
Drip Coffee: This is the usual black coffee you can find in diners. It is made with a coffee maker, filter, or French press. The process of making it involves ground coffee beans in a filter and pouring water over it. The water seeps through the coffee grounds and absorbs its oils and essences. The resulting liquid is collected in a container. Some people prefer to drink it as it is or with sugar and cream.
Espresso: Making espresso involves hot water forcing pressure to fine coffee grounds. The result is highly concentrated coffee that is usually just two ounces. This potent drink gives you that needed kick whenever you need it.
Fair Trade: This is an economic program which ensures that coffee growers are paid a proper minimum wage.
Flat White: This is like cappuccino without the foam. It’s a shot of espresso filled with steamed milk.
Frappe: A common term for “Frappuccino” or ice-blended beverage. Coffee is added with other flavorings, syrups, or fun ingredients. It’s basically coffee ice cream.
French Press: This device is composed of a pre-heated glass cylinder with a lid and plunger. Ground coffee is placed in the cylinder, and hot water is added. The mixture is stirred while the lid and plunger are placed on top. This method contains the heat while the coffee is steeped. While the coffee is extracted, the plunger is pressed down to catch the coffee grounds on the bottom while freshly brewed coffee is pushed upward.
Frothed: This involves drawing in the air into milk to give it a thicker consistency.
God Shot: This is the term used when a shot of espresso tastes so good or exquisite that it might have been made by the hands of God.
Golden Rule: This is a rule of thumb used to extract espresso. Twenty-five to thirty seconds is needed to create a 2-ounce liquid.
Green Coffee: Coffee seeds have a green color after it is processed and dried. Roasting makes the color dark and brown. Green coffee beans are the ones purchased by a coffee roasting company.
Half Caf: Coffee which is half regular and half decaffeinated.
Heart: This refers to the complexity of flavor found in espresso. It is defined as the heart and soul of the coffee.
Iced Coffee: Coffee made with a cold brew or simply coffee with ice.
Irish Coffee: Coffee that includes fresh cream, brown sugar, and Irish whiskey. Yum.
Latte: This is one shot of espresso with one or more cups of steamed milk added into it. Latte has more milk than cafe au lait.
Latte Art: This is fancy art made on top of the foam or milk of latte, cappuccino, macchiato, and other drinks.
Latte Macchiato: A latte made with milk and foam while pouring espresso in last.
Macchiato: This is an Italian term for “marked.” This drink includes one shot of espresso topped with a “mark” of foamy milk goodness. It is usually served in an espresso glass, giving you around four ounces of coffee kick.
Mocha: A drink composed of espresso and steamed milk with added flavorings such as chocolate or syrup.
Pour-over: This type of drip coffee was first developed in Japan. It involves slowly pouring hot water over a filter cone. Brewing usually takes three minutes and uses various equipment such as cones, kettles, and chambers.
Red Eye: This refers to a shot of espresso added to a cup of drip coffee.
Ristretto: A highly-concentrated espresso that has less water than the usual espresso.
Roast: This refers to heating green coffee beans until they darken. Roasting creates the coffee flavors which can be extracted by brewing.
SCAA: The Specialty Coffee Association of America creates standards for the terms and practices in the coffee industry. It is the parent organization of barista and roasters institutions.
Skinny: This is basically coffee with non-fat milk.
Trenta: Super-sized coffee amounting to 31 ounces. Starbucks launched this trend as a means for “more refreshment.”
Where can I buy Glorious Blend Coffee in the Philippines?
Glorious Blend Coffee can be purchased online at the official GIDC website and can be found at your local Mercury Drug Store, Generika, South Star Drug, and other leading drugstores. It can also be bought at Robinsons Supermarket, Waltermart, Ever Gotesco, Landmark, and other supermarkets nationwide. It is also available on popular online marketplaces.
Glorious Industrial and Development Corporation (GIDC)
72 Nuestra Senora st. 6th Ave.
1400 Metro Manila